Acne can be found almost anywhere on your body. It most commonly develops on your face, back, neck, chest, and shoulders. If you have acne, you’ll typically notice pimples that are white or black. Both blackheads and whiteheads are known as comedones.
Blackheads open at the surface of your skin, giving them a black appearance because of oxygen in the air. Whiteheads are closed just under the surface of your skin, giving them a white appearance.
While whiteheads and blackheads are the most common lesions seen in acne, other types can also occur. Inflammatory lesions are more likely to cause scarring of your skin.
What causes acne?
Acne occurs when the pores of your skin become blocked with oil, dead skin, or bacteria. Each pore of your skin is the opening to a follicle.
The oil gland releases sebum (oil), which travels up the hair, out of the pore, and onto your skin. The sebum keeps your skin lubricated and soft.
One or more problems in this lubrication process can cause acne. It can occur when:
- too much oil is produced by your follicles
- dead skin cells accumulate in your pores
- bacteria build up in your pores
These problems contribute to the development of pimples.
How is acne diagnosed?
If you have symptoms of acne, your doctor can make a diagnosis by examining your skin. Your doctor will identify the types of lesions and their severity to determine the best treatment.
How is acne breakouts treated at-home
Acne can be treated by a few self-care activities that you can try at home to prevent pimples and clear up your acne. Home remedies for acne include:
- cleaning your skin daily with mild soap to remove excess oil and dirt
- shampooing your hair regularly and keeping it out of your face
- using makeup that’s water-based or labeled “non-comedogenic” (not pore-clogging)
- not squeezing or picking pimples, which spreads bacteria and excess oil
- not touching your face
How can acne breakouts be prevented?
It’s difficult to prevent acne. But you can take steps at home to help prevent acne after treatment. These steps include:
- washing your face twice a day with an oil-free cleanser
- using an over-the-counter acne cream to remove excess oil
- avoiding makeup that contains oil
- removing makeup and cleaning your skin thoroughly before bed
- showering after exercising
- avoiding tight-fitting clothing
- reducing stress
Acne care expert in North Charlotte
Learn more about strategies to manage your acne by calling us today! Carolina Age Management Institute, CAMI is Huntersville and North Charlotte’s Top Medical Spa, where medical director Dr. Stephen Giordano focuses on providing excellent care through amazing cosmetic treatments and high-quality customer care.